ImproveCareNow icn_research_explained


ICN Research Explained: High body mass index and response to anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in pediatric Crohn’s disease

Obesity is common among patients with pediatric Crohn's disease (PCD). Some adult studies suggest obese patients respond less well to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) treatment. This study compares anti-TNF response and anti-TNF levels between pediatric patients with normal and high body mass index (BMI).


ICN Research Explained: Diagnosis change in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease

This study aims to characterize pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients who change diagnosis and describe the characteristics of that change.


ICN Research Explained: Physicians’ Explanatory Models of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Qualitative Interview Study

This study characterized the explanatory models used by pediatric gastroenterologists when explaining inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to children.


ICN Research Explained: Is it "all in the bag?" Multidisciplinary perspectives on ostomy surgery in pediatric IBD across the ImproveCareNow network

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic illness with various treatments, including ostomy surgery. Ostomy‐related medical decision‐making (MDM) is complex for multidisciplinary healthcare professionals (HCPs). This study sought to understand national multidisciplinary HCPs' perceptions about pediatric IBD ostomy surgery in the United States.


ICN Research Explained: Variability of Psychosocial Services Within the ImproveCareNow Learning Health System: Opportunities for Optimization

Why was this study done?

The purpose of this study was to understand the availability of psychosocial services across ImproveCareNow.

There have been calls by ImproveCareNow, medical providers, and young persons living with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and their families for increased access to psychosocial services. Psychosocial services are provided by social workers and psychologists with specialized training and skills to support the unique needs of young people living with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and their families. For example, psychosocial providers can teach coping skills to manage and navigate through everyday stressors that accompany living with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (for example, learning how to swallow pills, or screen for symptoms of depression or anxiety), provide coaching for techniques to tolerate symptom flares during treatment (for example, learning relaxation strategies), and help young people prepare for medical procedures (for example, create a coping plan before scopes). Psychosocial providers can also connect patients and families with important resources in the community and support young persons in gaining more independence in their care as they transition into adulthood (for example, learning how to speak up in a doctor’s visit). Understanding the availability of these psychosocial services helps us know how the psychosocial needs are being met for our young persons living with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and their families.


ICN Research Explained: Biosimilars for Pediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Pediatric Gastroenterology Clinical Practice Survey

Why was this study done?

Pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s Disease and ulcerative colitis, who take biologic medications (like infliximab and adalimumab) have decreased hospitalizations, surgery rates, and improved quality of life. However, biologic medicines are expensive. Biosimilars are similar biological therapies that are just as safe and effective as the original biologic medication, although they are often less expensive. There are currently two medications (infliximab/Remicade and adalimumab/Humira) used to treat IBD that have biosimilars available. Despite the cost savings, the utilization of biosimilars in the treatment of IBD has been low. The exact reasons why the utilization of biosimilars is low is not well known or well-studied.

The objective of this study was to evaluate pediatric gastroenterologists’ perspectives of biosimilars and to evaluate factors that impact pediatric gastroenterologists’ comfort level with prescribing biosimilars.


ICN Research Explained: Pediatric GI Health Care Professionals’ Perceptions of and Engagement with Psychosocial Providers in Pediatric IBD Care

Why was this study done?

Pediatric patients with IBD have a higher rate of psychosocial needs than young people without IBD, including anxiety, low mood, fatigue, and body image complexities. Multidisciplinary care, including psychosocial providers (psychologists, social workers), is considered the standard of care in pediatric IBD. However, there is limited research exploring how medical providers (e.g., physicians) think about and engage with psychosocial providers in pediatric IBD.


ICN Research Explained: Practice Survey - Depression Screening in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Why was this study done?

Depression is the number one health problem in adolescents, and by age 18, 20% of adolescents will experience a major depressive episode. For kids and teens with inflammatory bowel disease, the risk for depression is high. One in three adolescents struggle with some form of depression. Depression is linked to (associated with) difficulty adhering to medication, worsened disease activity, and higher healthcare costs. Yet, little is known about depression screening practices in pediatric IBD care. An improved understanding of current screening practices is an important step toward promoting mental health in pediatrics.


ICN Research Explained: the COMBINE Trial

What was the key study finding?

The COMBINE study compared the treatment of pediatric Crohn’s disease with an anti-TNF biologic alone versus an anti-TNF biologic combined with low-dose oral methotrexate.  The study found that adding methotrexate reduced the risk of treatment failure for adalimumab, but not for infliximab. Methotrexate did lead to more side effects, but these were mostly mild and rarely led to the stopping of treatment.



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